UTI (urinary tract infection) is a common infection located in the bladder, kidneys or connecting tubes. UTI’s can be uncomfortable and even painful, women are more likely to get them but men can get them too. There are two types of UTI, lower and upper, lower UTI’s are more common and can easily be treated, but upper UTI’s can be a serious problem if left for a long time untreated. There are lower UTI symptoms for infections of the bladder, also known as cystitis, and there are upper UTI symptoms for infections of the Kidneys.
If you are experiencing any UTI symptoms you can seek medical advice from your doctor, especially if your symptoms are upper UTI. Your GP can run tests and usually antibiotics are recommended for treatment. If you are unsure about your condition you can get a home testing urine kit, you can then take your results to the doctors with you.
Infections of the urethra or the bladder, also known as cystitis or bladder infection. This UTI infection is more common and often women are known to experience them regularly. Usually this infection passes within a few days and can be treated with antibiotics or other home remedies and medicines.
- Sudden urges to wee without much warning.
- A noticeable need to wee more frequent than usual.
- A feeling of discomfort or even pain when weeing.
- A slight to severe pain in your lower stomach.
- Urine has a horrible smell, possibly cloudy or includes blood.
- Feeling like you’re struggling to fully empty your bladder.
- Feeling run down, tired, aches or just generally unwell.
Infections of the ureters or the kidneys, that can be a concern if left untreated. It’s possible if not treated this infection could damage the kidney or spread through the bloodstream. It’s best to seek medical advice as soon as possible to limit the chance of further problems.
- If you’re experiencing a high temperature or fever of above 38C.
- If you’re experiencing pain in your back or sides.
- If you have the feeling of chills and shivering..
- If you have been sick or feel like you might be sick.
- Unable to think clearly or quickly.
- If you are experiencing restlessness, anxiety or nervous excitement.
What Causes UTI’s?
Bacteria is the most common cause when the urinary tract becomes infected, this occurs when bad bacteria (E. Coli) from the gut travels through the urethra and makes it’s way to the urinary tract. It’s not always clear or easy to indentify why you might have a UTI, the most common examples are sexual intercourse or when wiping your bum. Other causes can include kidney stones obstructing your urinary tract, diabetes, a low immune system or for men it can be an enlarged prostate gland. The reason why women are more likely to experience UTI’s is because of their shorter urethra, there is less distance bacteria needs to travel from the anus to the urinary tract.
UTI’s are quite common in sexually active young women, over 75% of bladder infections are directly related to whats known as the “honeymoon cystits” for married couples.